Friday, March 22, 2019

How all the 36 states in Nigeria got their names

Nigeria is a country blessed with diverse cultures, traditions and histories. From history, we know that the name Nigeria was taken from River Niger, but today we will be taking a look at how the 36 states of Nigeria got their names.  A lot of them got their names from Rivers, Popular Heroes and acronym of major cities. Check out howt all the 36 states in Nigeria got their names
1. Abia State Abia is a state in the south eastern part of Nigeria. The capital is Umuahia and the major commercial city is Aba Abia is an acronym from the four main groups of people in the state as at the time it was formed in 1991: Aba Bende Isuikwuato Afikpo.
2. Adamawa State Adamawa is a state in northeastern Nigeria, with its capital at Yola. Adamawa was named after a warrior, Modibbo Adama Bin Ardo Hassan, that conquered the region in the beginning of the 19th century.
3. Akwa-Ibom State Akwa Ibom is a state in Nigeria. It is located in the coastal southern part of the country called the Niger Delta, lying between latitudes 4°32′N and 5°33′N, and longitudes 7°25′E and 8°25′E. Akwa Ibom is named after the Qua Iboe (or Kwa Iboe) River.
4. Anambra State Anambra is a state in southeastern Nigeria. The state got its name from the corrupted version of Oma Mbala (Ànyịm Ọma Mbala), a popular river in the area.
5. Bauchi State Bauchi, usually referred to as Bauchi State to distinguish it from the city of Bauchi, is a state in northern Nigeria. Its capital is the city of Bauchi. There are three versions of how Bauchi got its name are: ‘Bauchi’ is Hausa word meaning the southern flanks of Hausaland. Tribes living in the southern parts of the Hausaland were referred to as “kasashen bauchi” and the area they lived in later came to be known simply as Bauchi. The second version the state was named for Baushe, a famous hunter who settled there before the 19th century. The third states that ‘bauchi’ is Hausa word for slavery since it was a center for slave raiders.
6. Bayelsa State Bayelsa is a state in southern Nigeria in the core Niger Delta region, between Delta State and Rivers State. Its capital is Yenagoa. Bayelsa is a combination of the acronyms of three local government areas which were pulled out of old Rivers state — Brass LGA known as BALGA, Yenegoa LGA known as YELGA and Sagbama LGA known as SALGA. The mathematics involved in the formation of their names is BA + YEL + SA = BAYELSA
7. Benue State Benue State is one of the North central states in Nigeria with a population of about 4,253,641 in 2006 census. It is inhabited predominantly by the Tiv, Idoma and Igede peoples, who speak Tiv, Idoma, and Igede languages respectively.
8. Borno State
Borno State, is a state in north-eastern Nigeria. Its capital is Maiduguri. The alternative name of the Kanuris, the predominant ethnic group in the state, is ‘Borno’ which gave inspiration for the naming of the state.
9. Cross River Cross River is a state in South Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to the east. Its capital is Calabar The state took its name from a River called Oyono or Cross River.
10. Delta Delta State is an oil and agricultural producing state of Nigeria, situated in the region known as the South-South geo-political zone with a population of 4,112,445. The state is where the River Niger forms a delta as it enters the Atlantic Ocean.
11. Ebonyi Ebonyi State is in southeastern Nigeria. It is inhabited and populated primarily by the Igbo. Its capital and largest city is Abakaliki. Ebonyi is the anglicised version of ‘Aboine’, a river that cuts through Abakaliki, the state capital.
12. Edo State Edo State is in South-South geo-political zone with Benin City as its capital, the population of the entire state is approximately 8 million people. The Bini people who dwell in the area had always referred to themselves as Edo or Iduu. This inspired the name of the state.
13. Ekiti State Ekiti State is in Southwest region of Nigeria, declared a state on 1 October 1996 alongside five other states in the country by the then military government under head of state, General Sani Abacha. ‘Okiti’ is a term that is said to denote a settlement of many hills. It later became ‘Ekiti’.
14. Enugu State Enugu is the capital of Enugu State in Nigeria. It is located in southeastern Nigeria. The city had a population of 722,664 according to the 2006 Nigerian census. Due to the many hills and rocky terrain in the area, the people named it in igbo, “Enu Ugwu” meaning “top of the hill”. The state is named after the anglicised version, Enugu.
15. Gombe State Gombe, usually referred to as Gombe State to distinguish it from the city of Gombe, is located in the northeastern part of Nigeria, Gombe is the dialect of Fulani language (Fulfulde) 
16. Imo State How All The 36 States In Nigeria Got Their Names Imo is one of the 36 states of Nigeria and is in the south east region of Nigeria. Owerri is its capital and among the largest cities in the state.  Just like many of the Nigerian states, Imo took its name from the popular river, Imo Mmiri.
17. Jigawa State Jigawa is a state in northwestern Nigeria. Its capital is Dutse. Jigawa takes inspiration from its distinctively golden-coloured soil.
18. Kaduna State Kaduna, usually referred to as Kaduna State to distinguish it from the city of Kaduna, is a state in Northwest Nigeria. Its capital is Kaduna. ‘Kadunas’ is the plural form of crocodile in Hausa. The state therefore got its name from the many crocodiles in Kaduna River.
19. Kano State Kano State is a state located in Northern Nigeria. Created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region. The capital of Kano State is Kano. Kano was the name of a blacksmith from the Gaya tribe who settled in the area while sourcing for ironstone. The state was named after him.
20. Katsina State The state was named after the wife of a popular local ruler known as Janzama. Her name was Katsina.
21. Kebbi State Kebbi is a state in north-western Nigeria with its capital at Birnin Kebbi. The state was created out of a part of Sokoto State in 1991. It is said that Kebbi was named after the Ka’abba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
22. Kogi State
Kogi, is a state in the central region of Nigeria. It is popularly called the Confluence State because of the confluence of River Niger and River Benue at its capital, Lokoja, which is the first administrative capital of modern-day Nigeria. Since the popular confluence in Nigeria is located in the state, Kogi is said to have been derived from ‘kogin’, the hausa word for river.
23. Kwara State Kwara is a state in Western Nigeria. Its capital is Ilorin. Kwara is located within the North Central geopolitical zone, commonly referred to as the Middle Belt.River Niger used to be called River Kwara by the Nupes at the Northern border of the state. The state was named after this.
24. Lagos State Lagos is a state in the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. In 1472, the first set of Europeans to set foot in Lagos were the Portuguese. Due to the many lagoons and rivers in the town, they named it Lagos, which is the Portuguese word for ‘lakes’.
25. Nassarawa State
Nasarawa is a state in north central zone of Nigeria. Its capital is Lafia. Nassarawa is a native word for ‘victorious’. The state was named by the founder of Nasarawa kingdom, Makama Dogo.
26. Niger State Niger or Niger State is a state in Central Nigeria and the largest state in the country. The state capital is Minna, and other major cities are Bida, Kontagora, and Suleja. This was named after the River Niger.
27. Ogun State Ogun State is a state in southwestern Nigeria. Created in 1976. Abeokuta is the capital and largest city in the state. This state was also named after a river — Ogun River.
28. Ondo State
Ondo or Ondo State is a state in Nigeria created on 3 February 1976 from the former Western State. It originally included what is now Ekiti State, which was split off in 1996. Akure is the state capital. Ondo is a word used for settlers. The state was named after the settlers of the old Ondo Kingdom.
29. Osun State
Osun is an inland state in south-western Nigeria. Its capital is Osogbo. This state was also named after a river — the River Osun.
30. Oyo State Oyo, usually referred to as Oyo State to distinguish it from the city of Oyo, is an inland state in south-western Nigeria, with its capital at Ibadan. The state was named after the Old Oyo empire.
31. Plateau State
Plateau is the twelfth-largest state in Nigeria. Approximately in the centre of the country, it is geographically unique in Nigeria due to its boundaries of elevated hills surrounding the Jos Plateau its capital, and the entire plateau itself. The state was named after the picturesque Jos plateau. Jos got its name from the mispronunciation of the town ‘Gwosh’.
32. Rivers State
Rivers State, also known simply as Rivers, is one of the 36 states of Nigeria. According to census data released in 2006, the state has a population of 5,198,716, making it the sixth-most populous state in the country. The capital is Port Harcourt Rivers State was named after the many water bodies present in the area.
33. Sokoto State Sokoto, usually referred to as Sokoto State to distinguish it from the city of Sokoto, is located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria, near to the confluence of the Sokoto River and the Rima River. Sokoto is the anglicized version of the Arabic word ‘suk’ meaning ‘market’ or ‘place of commerce’. The state itself was named after the defunct Sokoto Caliphate.
34. Taraba State Taraba is a state in North Eastern Nigeria with it’s capital in Jalingo. Taraba state got its name from the Taraba River.
35. Yobe
Yobe is a state located in Northeast Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe state was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu. Komadugu Yobe (Waube or Ouobe) or River Yobe (or River of Yo) inspired the name of the state.
36. Zamfara State Zamfara is a state in northwestern Nigeria. Its capital is Gusau. This state was named after Zamfarawa, one of the subdialects of the Eastern Hausa group.


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